Đề thi Đại học môn tiếng Anh

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Đề thi Đại học môn tiếng Anh
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Đề thi Đại học môn tiếng Anh

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Đề thi Đại học môn tiếng Anh

Chọn một từ ứng với một trong 4 phương án (A, B, C hoặc D) có trọng âm chính ở vị trí khác so với các từ còn lại, từ câu 1 đến 5.

Câu 1: A. prevention B. enterprise C. implement D. fertilize
Câu 2: A. dynamism B. interview D. comfortable
C. accompany
Câu 3: A. accountancy B. effectiveness D. appropriate
C. satisfaction
Câu 4: B. oblige C. secure D. equip
A. vacant
Câu 5: B. representative C. technological D. punctuality
A. characteristic

Đọc đoạn văn, chọn một cụm từ (một câu) ứng với một trong 4 phương án (A, B, C hoặc D) thích hợp nhất điền vào chỗ trống hoặc trả lời câu hỏi, từ 6 đến 15.

Psychologists have debated a long time about whether a child’s upbringing can give it the ability to do outstandingly well. Some think that it is impossible to develop genius and say that it is simply something a person is born with. Others, however, argue that the potential for great achievement can be developed. The truth lies somewhere between these two extremes.

It seems very obvious that being born with the right qualities from gifted parents will increase a child’s ability to do well. However, this ability will be fully realized only with the right upbringing and opportunities. As one psychologist says, “To have a fast car, you need both a good engine and fuel.”

Scientists have recently assessed intelligence, achievement, and ability in 50 sets of identical twins that were separated shortly after birth and brought up by different parents. They found that achievement was based on intelligence, and later influenced by the child’s environment.

One case involving very intelligent twins was quoted. One of the twins received a normal upbringing, and performed well. The other twin, however, was brought up by extremely supportive parents and given every possible opportunity to develop its abilities. That twin, though starting out with the same degree of intelligence as the other, performed even better.

This case reflects the general principle of intelligence and ability. The more favorable the environment, the more a child’s intelligence and ability are developed. However, there is no link between intelligence and the socioeconomic level of a child’s family. In other words, it does not matter how poor or how rich a family is, as this does not affect intelligence.

Gifted people cannot be created by supportive parents, but they can be developed by them. One professor of music said that outstanding musicians usually started two or three years earlier than ordinary performers, often because their parents had recognized their ability. These musicians then needed at least ten years’ hard work and training in order to reach the level they were capable of attaining.

People who want to have very gifted children are given the following advice:

  • Marry an intelligent person.
  • Allow children to follow their own interests rather than the interests of the parents.
  • Start a child’s education early but avoid pushing the child too hard.
  • Encourage children to play; for example, playing with musical instruments is essential for a child who wants to become an outstanding musician.

Câu 6: The upbringing of highly intelligent children requires __________.

A. wealthy and loving parents B. an expensive education
C. good musical instruments D. parental support and encouragement
Câu 7: The word “others” used in the first paragraph refers to “__________”.
A. other people B. other children C. other geniuses D. other scientists
Câu 8: When scientists studied intelligence and ability in twins, they found that __________.
are A. ability depends both on intelligence and on environment B. intelligence and development
irrelevant to ability
C. different twins generally have different levels of ability. D. ability depends mainly on
intelligence and achievement

Câu 9: Scientists chose twins for their study because __________.

  1. they have the same economic background and hence the same opportunities
  2. each twin has the same environment as his/her twin

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  1. they have the same genetic background, usually with similar intelligence D. they are born into the same family, hence the same upbringing

Câu 10: How were great musicians different from ordinary musicians in their development?

  1. They were exceptionally intelligent and artistic. B. They practice playing their

instruments for many years.

  1. They concentrated on music to the exclusion of other areas. D. Their ability was realized at an early stage and then nutured.

Câu 11: The writer advises that gifted children should be allowed to follow __________.

A. their own interests B. only their interests in computer games
C. their parent’s interests D. only their interests in musical instruments
Câu 12: When encouraging their gifted children, parents should avoid __________.
A. pushing their children too hard. B. permitting them to follow their own interests
C. starting their education at an early age D. letting them play their own way

Câu 13: The remark: “To have a fast car, you need both a good engine and fuel.” in the passage means that in order to become a genius __________.

A. you should try to move quickly and efficiently B. you must nourish your brain and train your
muscles hard D. you need to have good health and good
C. you need intelligence and you need to develop it
nourishment

Câu 14: The word “favorable” in the passage mostly means __________.

  1. “helping somebody to be more intelligent compared to other people”
  2. “good for someone and making him/her likely to be successful”
  1. “under the control or in the power of somebody else” D. “of high quality or an acceptable standard”

Câu 15: All of the following statements are true EXCEPT __________.

  1. to become successful, a child needs both native intelligence and development
  2. a child’s intelligence is influenced by that of his/ her parents
  3. studying different twins is a useful scientific procedure
  4. educational development depends completely on economic well-being

Chọn một cụm từ (một câu) ứng với một trong 4 phương án (A, B, C hoặc D) thích hợp nhất điền vào chỗ trống để thành câu hoàn chỉnh, từ câu 16 đến 20.

Câu 16: After seeing the movie “Pride and Prejudice”, _________.

A. the book was read by many people B. the reading of the book interested many
people
C. the book made many people want to read it D. many people wanted to read the book
Câu 17: It is essential _________.
A. for everyone who knows what to do in the event of fire B. that everyone know what to do when
there is a fire D. that everyone to know what to do when there
C. for everyone knowing what to do in the event of fire
is a fire
Câu 18: The instructions from air traffic control were not fully explicit, and _________.
A. as a result, the pilot made an error and crashed B. so that the pilot made an error and
crashed
C. therefore the pilot made it crash D. resulting from the pilot crashing the plane
Câu 19: Recent evidence makes it possible for the investigators to conclude that _________.
A. some paintings by Rembrandt were faked B. Rembrandt was attituded to some paintings
C. some paintings by Rembrandt must be faked D. some paintings by Rembrandt to be faked
Câu 20: In bacteria and other organisms, _________.
A. the DNA that provides the genetic information B. the DNA providing the genetic
information
C. which is the DNA that provides the genes D. it is the DNA that provides the genetic
information

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Đọc đoạn văn, chọn một từ ứng với một trong 4 phương án (A, B, C hoặc D) thích hợp nhất điền vào chỗ trống của đoạn văn, từ 21 đến 30.

THE FAMILY

Statesmen define a family as “a group of individuals having a common dwelling and related by blood, adoption or marriage, ___21___ includes common-law relationships.” Most people are born into one of these groups and ___22___ live their lives as a family in such a group.

Although the definition of a family may not change, ___23___ relationship of people to each other within the family group changes as society changes. More and more wives are ___24___ paying jobs, and, as a result, the roles of husband, wife and children are changing. Today, men expect to ___25___ for pay for about 40 years of their lives, and, in today’s marriages ___26___ which both spouses have paying jobs, women can expect to work for about 30 to 35 years of their lives. This mean that man must learn to do their share of family tasks such as caring for the children and daily ___27___ chores. Children, too, especially adolescents, have to ___28___ with the members od their family in sharing household tasks.

The widespread acceptance of contraception has meant that having ___29___ is as matter of choice, not an automatic result of marriage. Marriage itself has become a choice. As alternatives ___30___ common-law relationships and single-parent families have become socially acceptable, women will become more

independent.
Câu 21: A. what B. which C. it D. that
Câu 22: A. need B. would D. must
C. will
Câu 23: A. a C. any D. some
B. the
Câu 24: A. keeping B. performing D. making
C. taking
Câu 25: A. hope B. ask C. live
D. work
Câu 26: A. with C. for D. to
B. in
Câu 27: A. family B. house C. home
D. household
Câu 28: A. combine B. deal D. carry
C. cooperate
Câu 29: A. happiness C. time D. families
B. children
Câu 30: A. like B. similar to D. or else
C. such as

Chọn một cụm từ gạch chân ứng với một trong 4 phương án (A, B, C hoặc D) cần phải sửa, từ câu 31 đến 35.

Câu 31: If you have no cash, you can charge this dinner of your credit card.

A B C D Câu 32: She had to leave because she didn’t see eyes to eyes with her boss.

A             B                   C                       D

Câu 33: Do you know that there is a high rate in interest on this loan?

A                          B                       C                          D

Câu 34: Students suppose to read all the questions carefully and find out the answers to them.

A                                     B                                                      C                                   D

Câu 35: With the development of the Internet and the World Wide Web, businessmen do not hardly have as much traveling as

A                                                                                                        B                                   C

they used to.

D

Chọn một một câu ứng với một trong 4 phương án (A, B, C hoặc D) thích hợp nhất được kết hợp từ câu đã cho, từ câu 36 đến 40.

Câu 36: He felt very tired. However, he was determined to continue to climb up the moutain.

  1. He felt so tired that he was determined to continue to climb up the mountain.
  2. As the result of his tiredness, he was determined to continue to climb up the mountain.
  3. Feeling very tired, he was determined to continue to climb up the mountain.
  4. Tired as he might feel, he was determined to continue to climb up the mountain.

Câu 37: The Prime Minister set up a committee of financial experts. They were to help him discuss and formulate new policies.

  1. A committee consisting of financial experts was set up by the Prime Minister to help him discuss and formulate new policies.

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  1. The Prime Minister, who is a financial expert, set up a committee to discuss and formulate new policies.
  1. A committee consisting of financial experts who were helped by the Prime Minister discussed and formulated new policies.
  1. The Prime Minister, who was helped by financial experts, set up a committee to discuss and formulate new policies

Câu 38: Some economists argue that new technology cause unemployment. Others feel that it allows more jobs to be created.

  1. Some economists argue that new technology causes unemployment whereas others feel that it allows more jobs to be created.
  1. Besides the argument that new technology causes unemployment, some economists feel that it allows more jobs to be created.
  1. Arguing that new technology causes unemployment, other economists, feel that it allows more jobs to be created.
  1. Some economists argue that new technology causes unemployment, so others feel that it allows more jobs to be created.

Câu 39: One student failed because he completely ignored the instructions on the paper. The instrustions appeared at the top of every page.

  1. One student failed to ignore the instructions printed at the top of every page of the paper.
  1. One student failed because he completely ignored the instructions appearing at the top of every page of the paper.
  1. No matter how completely one student ignored the instructions printed at the top of every page of the paper, he failed.
  2. Even though one student ignored the instructions printed at the top of every page, he failed.

Câu 40: She heard the news of the death of her mother. She fainted.

  1. She fainted and then she heard the news of the death of her mother. B. On hearing the news of her mother’s death, she fainted.
  1. On hearing the news of her dead mother, she fainted. D. She fainted so she heard the news of the death of her mother.

Đọc đoạn văn, chọn một cụm từ (một câu) ứng với một trong 4 phương án (A, B, C hoặc D) thích hợp nhất điền vào chỗ trống hoặc trả lời câu hỏi, từ 41 đến 50.

Since water is the basis of life, composing the greater part of the tissues of all living things, the crucial problem of desert animals is to survive in a world where sources of flowing water are rare. And since man’s inexorable necessity is to absorb large quantities of water at frequent intervals, he can scarely comprehend that many creatures of the desert pass their entire lives without a single drop.

Uncompromising as it is, the desert has not aliminated life but only those forms unable to withstand its desiccating effects. No moistskinned, water-loving animals can exist there. Few large animals are found. The giants of the North American desert are the deer, the coyote, and the bobcat. Since desert country is open, it holds more swift-footed running and leaping creatures than the tangled forest. Its population is largely nocturnal, silent, filled with reticence, and ruled by stealth. Yet they are not emaciated.

Having adapted to their austere environment, they are as healthy as animals anywhere else in the word. The secret of their adjustment lies in the combination of behavior and physiology. None could survive if, like mad dogs and Englishmen, they went out in the midday sun; many would die in a matter of minutes. So most of them pass the burning hours asleep in cool, humid burrows underneath the ground, emerging to hunt only by night. The surface of the sun-baked desert averages around 150 degrees, but 18 inches down the temperature is only 60 degrees.

Câu 41: The title for this passage could be _________.

A. “Man’s Life in a Desert Environment” B. “Life Underground”
C. “Animal Life in a Desert Environment” D. “Desert Plants”

Câu 42: The word “tissues” in the passage mostly means _________.

  1. “very smal living things that cause infectious disease in people, animals and plants”
  2. “the simplest forms of life that exist in air, water, living and dead creatures and plants”
  3. “collections of cells that form the different parts of humans, animals and plants”
  4. “the smallest units of living matter that can exist on their own”

Câu 43: Man can hardly understand why many animals live their whole life in the desert, as _________.

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A. very few lagre animals are found in the desert B. sources of flowing water are rare in a desert
of C. water is an essential part of his existence D. water composes the greater part of the tissues
living things
Câu 44: The pharse “those forms” in the passage refers to all of the following EXCEPT _________.
A. many large animals B. the coyote and the bobcat
C. moist-skinned animals D. water-loving animals

Câu 45: According to the passage, creatures in the desert _________.

  1. run and leap more slowly than those in the tangled forest B. are more active during the day than those

in the tangled forest

  1. run and leap faster than those in the tangled forest D. are not as healthy as those anywhere else in

the world

Câu 46:  The author mentions all the following as examples of the behavior of desert animals EXCEPT

_________. B. they dig home underground
A. they are watchfull and quiet
C. they sleep during the day D. they are noisy and aggressive

Câu 47: The word “emaciated” in the passage mostly means _________.

  1. “living or growing in natural conditions, not kept in a house or on a farm”
  2. “thin and weak because of lack of food and water”
  3. “large and strong, difficult to control or deal with ”
  4. “able to get what one wants in a clever way, especially by tricking or cheating”

Câu 48: According to the passage, one characteristic of animals living in the desert is that _________.

A. they can hunt in temperature of 150 degrees B. they live in an accommodating environment
C. they are smaller and fleeter than forest animals D. they are less healthy than animals
living in other places

Câu 49: The word “burrows” in the passage mostly means _________.

  1. “holes or tunnels in the ground made by animals for them to live in”
  2. “places where a particular type of animal or plant is normally found”
  3. “structures made of metal bars in which animals or birds are kept”
  4. “places where insects or other small creatures live and produce their young” Câu 50: We can infer from the passage that _________.
A. desert life is colorful and diverse B. water is the basis of desert life
C. living things adjust to their environment D. healthy animals live longer lives

Chọn một cụm từ ứng với một trong 4 phương án (A, B, C hoặc D) thích hợp nhất điền vào chỗ trống để thành câu hoàn chỉnh, từ câu 51 đến 80.

Câu 51: She _______ on her computer for more than two hours when she decided to stop for a rest.

A. has been working B. has worked C. had been working D. was working
Câu 52: It’s nice I am now in London again. This is the second time I ________ there.
A. was B. would be C. will be D. have been
Câu 53: Realizing he got lost, he started to ________ help.
A. call for B. go for C. call at D. go to
Câu 54: I ________ my Mum by cooking dinner for her.
A. cheered up B. waited for C. looked up D. felt like
Câu 55: He told everyone that he had flu, but in fact, he had just ________ a cold.
A. gone in for B. come up with C. maked up for D. come down with
Câu 56: “If we can’t afford a car, we’ll just have to ________ one.”
A. do with B. put up with C. do without D. catch up with
Câu 57: ________ has she behaved like that before.
A. Only by B. For C. When D. Never

Câu 58: A good essay must ________ contain enough interesting ideas and specific examples but also have good organization.

A. either B. as well C. in addition D. not only
Câu 59: You should stop working too hard ________ you’ll get sick.”
A. if B. or else C. in case D. whereas

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Câu 60: Although he was ________, he agreed to play tennis with me.
A. exhausted B. exhaustive C. exhausting D. exhaustion
Câu 61: In order to avoid boredom, the most important thing is to keep oneself ________.
A. occupation B. occupied C. occupant D. occupational
Câu 62: Creat a new ________ and put all your files into it.
A. directing B. directory C. direction D. director
Câu 63: She was finding it difficult to stay ________ during the meeting.
A. awake B. wakening C. waking D. wakened
Câu 64: He carried a(n) ________ driving license.
A. unfaithful B. false C. artificial D. untrue
Câu 65: As the drug took ________ , the patient bacame quieter.
A. force B. influence C. effect D. action
Câu 66: You’re very quiet today. What have you got on your ________ ?
A. attention B. spirit C. brain D. mind

Câu 67: Instead of doing their own painting and papering, they hired a firm of ________ decorators.

A. inward B. inside C. internal D. interior
Câu 68: -“More coffee? Anybody?” – “ ________ ”.
A. It’s right, I think B. I’d love to C. I don’t agree, I’m afraid D. Yes, please
Câu 69: -“Do you like the weather here?” -“I wish it ________ .”
A. doesn’t rain B. didn’t rain C. won’t rain D. hadn’t rained
Câu 70: -“Oh, I’m really sorry!” – “ ________ ”
A. Thanks. B. That’s all right. C. Yes, why? D. It was a pleasure.

Câu 71: They made the fried chiken by the mixing ________ flour with water, then flouring the chiken.

A. few B. a few C. a little D. little
Câu 72: You ________ the washing-up. I could have done it for you.
A. couldn’t have done B. needn’t have done C. hadn’t to do D. mustn’t have done
Câu 73: ________ of the shop, my friend come in.
A. As I came out B. Coming out C. When coming out D. On coming out
Câu 74: “Never say that again, ________ ?”
A. do you B. will you C. won’t you D. don’t you
Câu 75: Widespread forest destruction ________ in this particular area.
A. ought to see B. can be seen C. could have seen D. must have seen
Câu 76: ________ anything suspicious arise, please let me know at once.
A. Would B. Can C. Did D. Should

Câu 77: In some countries, on moral ________ that education should not be taxed, there is no tax on books.

  1. principle B. concept C. reason                             D. idea

Câu 78: Students are often advised to look at the first and last ________ of a book before attempting to read it in detail.

A. paragraphs B. headings C. titles D. chapters
Câu 79: He travels ________ for 20 years and then he decided to return home.
A. farthest of all B. far and wide C. far from it D. father away
Câu 80: I ________ several musicians around that time.
A. got back to B. came up with
C. made the acquaintance of D. made friends to

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